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If the system is stable, the country will be stable, and if the system is strong, the country will be strong. The people's Congress system is China's fundamental political system. From the 13th to the 14th, an important meeting of high standard - the working meeting of the Central People's Congress was held in Beijing. The conference in the name of the "working session of the Central People's Congress" is the first in the history of the party and the history of the people's Congress system.
How to uphold and improve the system of the people's Congress in the new era and how to develop the whole process of people's democracy... General Secretary Xi Jinping delivered an important speech at the meeting, making a major conclusion, answering a series of important theoretical and practical issues in the new era of developing China's socialist democracy and adhering to and improving the system of the people's Congress. This important speech is a programmatic document full of the power of Marxist truth.
From October 13 to 14, the working session of the Central People's Congress was held in Beijing. Xi Jinping, general secretary of the CPC Central Committee, chairman of the CPC Central Committee and chairman of the Central Military Commission, attended the meeting and delivered an important speech. Photographed by Xinhua News Agency reporter Li Xiang
[important meetings held at important time nodes]
Today's world is experiencing great changes that have not been seen in a century. Institutional competition is an important aspect of comprehensive national strength competition, and institutional advantage is an important advantage for a country to win strategic initiative.
What kind of political system a country implements and what kind of development path it chooses are major issues related to the future of the country and the happiness of the people.
At this meeting, the general secretary profoundly pointed out the institutional advantages of China's people's Congress system and its great significance to the development of human political system:
——The people's Congress system is a good system that conforms to China's national conditions and reality, reflects the nature of a socialist country, ensures that the people are the masters of the country and ensures the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation.
——The people's Congress system is a great creation of our party leading the people in the history of human political system. It is a new political system of great significance in the history of China's political development and even the history of world political development.
Over the past 60 years, especially over the past 40 years of reform and opening up, the people's Congress system has provided an important institutional guarantee for the party to lead the people to create "two miracles", and has shown great strength in the socialist modernization drive.
On the morning of July 1, the general meeting to celebrate the 100th anniversary of the founding of the Communist Party of China was grandly held in Tiananmen Square in Beijing. Photographed by Xinhua News Agency reporter Pang xinglei
In 2021, the Communist Party of China ushered in its centennial birthday, and China embarked on a new journey of building a socialist modern country in an all-round way and marching towards the second Centennial goal.
At this important time, the importance of the central committee convening this important meeting related to China's fundamental political system and the development of socialist democratic politics with Chinese characteristics in the new era is self-evident——
To embark on the new road of catching up with the examination to achieve the second Centennial goal, it is necessary to gather and stimulate the majestic strength of the 1.4 billion people. As the general secretary stressed, "we should unswervingly adhere to and keep pace with the times, improve the people's Congress system, strengthen and improve the work of the people's Congress in the new era" and "continue to promote the construction of people's democracy in the whole process".
The general secretary's words resounding: "we should adhere to the path of political development of socialism with Chinese characteristics, adhere to and improve the people's Congress system, strengthen and improve the work of the people's Congress in the new era, constantly develop people's democracy in the whole process, and consolidate and develop a lively, stable and united political situation."
[pointing out the direction for strengthening and improving the work of the National People's Congress in the new era]
The people's Congress system is an important part of the socialist system with Chinese characteristics. It is also the fundamental political system that supports China's national governance system and governance capacity.
Since the eighteen Party's Congress, general secretary Xi Jinping has always attached great importance to the system of the people's Congress. Proceeding from adhering to and improving the party's leadership and consolidating the strategic overall situation of China's socialist system, we continue to promote the innovation of the theory and practice of the people's Congress System and put forward a series of new ideas and new ideas and requirements.
In September 2014, the general secretary delivered an important speech at the celebration of the 60th anniversary of the founding of the National People's Congress, saying: "under the new situation, we should unswervingly adhere to the people's Congress system and keep pace with the times to improve the people's Congress system."
Revise the organic law of the National People's Congress and improve the legal system of the organization and operation of the National People's Congress; Amend the election law, appropriately increase the number of deputies to the people's congresses at the county and township levels, and consolidate the foundation of the people's Congress system; Establish a system for the State Council to report the management of state-owned assets to the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress, improve the supervision system and working mechanism of the National People's Congress... The people's Congress system has been continuously developed and improved.
How to ensure the implementation of the constitution, how to strengthen the legislative work, and how to make good use of the supervisory power entrusted to the people's Congress by the Constitution... At this meeting, the general secretary put forward clear requirements for keeping pace with the times in the new era, improving the people's Congress System, and strengthening and improving the work of the people's Congress from six aspects.
·We will fully implement the Constitution and safeguard its authority and dignity.
·We will accelerate the improvement of the socialist legal system with Chinese characteristics, promote development with good laws and ensure good governance.
·Make good use of the supervisory power conferred by the Constitution on the people's Congress, and implement correct, effective and legal supervision.
·Give full play to the role of deputies to the National People's Congress, so that the people call and I respond.
·Strengthen the awareness of political organs and strengthen the self-construction of the people's Congress.
·Strengthen the party's overall leadership over the work of the National People's Congress.
The general secretary clearly put forward the guiding ideology, major principles and main work of strengthening and improving the work of the people's Congress in the new era, pointing out the direction for strengthening and improving the work of the people's Congress in the new era.
As for the people's congresses at all levels and their standing committees to strengthen their own construction, the general secretary put forward in his speech the requirements of becoming "four organs": a political organ consciously adhering to the leadership of the Communist Party of China, an organ of state power to ensure that the people are the Masters of the country, a working organ fully undertaking various responsibilities entrusted by the Constitution and laws, and a representative organ always maintaining close contact with the people.
[profound interpretation of "people's democracy in the whole process]
In November 2, 2019, general secretary Xi Jinping pointed out clearly that "we are walking on a road of China's characteristic socialist political development, and people's democracy is a whole process of democracy" in the Gubei civic center of Hongqiao street, Changning District, Shanghai.
In the important speech to celebrate the 100th anniversary conference of the Communist Party of China, general secretary Xi Jinping stood at the height of the people's history, emphasizing "people's democracy in the whole process of development", and issued a mobilization order to open up a new journey of socialist democracy in China.
Different from all kinds of bourgeois democracy in the west, the whole process of people's democracy is the essential feature of socialist democracy, which embodies the constitutional principle that all state power belongs to the people and the fundamental purpose of the party to serve the people wholeheartedly.
Why is Chinese style democracy "people's democracy in the whole process"? At this meeting, the general secretary made a profound interpretation of the whole process of people's democracy——
The whole process of people's democracy in China not only has complete systems and procedures, but also has complete participation in practice. China's whole process people's democracy has realized the unity of process democracy and result democracy, procedural democracy and substantive democracy, direct democracy and indirect democracy, people's democracy and national will. It is a full chain, all-round and all-round democracy, and the most extensive, real and effective socialist democracy.
How to evaluate whether a country's political system is democratic and effective? The general secretary has used eight "can" to elaborate in depth. What is the measure of whether a country is democratic or not? At this meeting, the general secretary clearly pointed out that "the key lies in whether the people are the masters of the country". At the same time, he put forward the standard of "four things to see and four more things to see":
·It depends not only on whether the people have the right to vote, but also on whether the people have the right to participate widely;
·It depends on what verbal promises the people have received during the election process, but also on how much these promises have been realized after the election;
·It depends on what kind of political procedures and rules are stipulated by the system and law, and it also depends on whether these systems and laws are really implemented;
·We should see whether the rules and procedures for the operation of power are democratic, but also whether power is really supervised and restricted by the people.
Democracy is the right of all peoples, not the patent of a few countries. The growth of a political system is closely related to the soil in which it takes root. Only those who wear shoes know whether they fit.
"Whether a country is democratic or not should be judged by the people of the country, not by a few people outside." the general secretary said calmly and forcefully, "it is undemocratic to measure the world's rich and colorful political systems with a single yardstick and to examine human colorful political civilization with a monotonous eye."
Socialism with Chinese characteristics has entered a new era, and the main social contradictions in China have been transformed. In this context, where is the starting point of developing and improving people's democracy in the whole process?
The people's Congress system is an important institutional carrier to realize the whole process of people's democracy in China. To adhere to, improve and develop the people's Congress system is to develop people's democracy in the whole process and to support and ensure that the people are the masters of the country.
To continue to promote the construction of people's democracy in the whole process, the general secretary put forward requirements for the "concrete and realistic" practice of people's democracy in the whole process from three aspects——
"Embody the people's ownership of the country concretely and realistically in the party's policies and measures for governing the country, concretely and realistically in the work of all aspects and levels of the party and state organs, and concretely and realistically in the work of realizing the people's yearning for a better life."
Producer: Zhao Cheng
Planner: Zhang Xudong
Lead Writers: Yang Weihan, Luo Sha
Co ordinator: Zhang Xiaosong, Zhu Dongju, Wang Xuan
Visual editors: Wu Jingjing, Hao Xiaojing
Produced by Xinhua News Agency
Produced by Studio 1 of Xinhua News Agency